If you have an indoor ficus retusa bonsai tree then it should not lose its leaves during the winter. Ficus Retusa You will find hundreds of types of ficus as you begin searching for plants, but the best species for bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. nitida (Thunb.) Ficus retusa leaves are up to 4 to 6 inches (10 to 15 cm) long, whereas Ficus microcarpa leaves never exceed 4 inches (10cm). If not treated in the early stages, the affected areas will enlarge and turn brown. The rubber tree, or Ficus elastica, is a very beautiful indoor plant much liked for its shiny thick leathery leaves.. Ficus elastica facts. Nonetheless, occasional issues may arise. Height – 10 feet (3 meters) indoors Soil – indoor plant soil mix. Credits for images shared to Nature & Garden (all edits by Gaspard Lorthiois): The leaves can vary in sizes of between 1–20" (2-50cm). Let’s start with something which might not be a problem: your Ficus Ginseng tree is going dormant just like the big ones in the woods because of the time of year.. Otherwise… Repotting: Repot your Ficus tree during the spring, every other year, using a basic Bonsai soil mixture. Pruning: Regular pruning is necessary to retain the tree’s shape. Hello, About 40 days ago a friend received as a present a "bonsai" (I think it is a Ficus Retusa). This is usually due to mealybugs or scale insects to which the Ficus retusa is very vulnerable, especially indoors. Fertilizing : Fertilize every two weeks during summer, and every four weeks during winter if the growth doesn't stop. Name – Ficus elastica Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Type – indoor plant. Join our Bonsai forum to ask your questions. It can be brought outside once temperatures are consistently above 60 o F but must be kept in the sun and not allowed to dry out. Ficus retusa abhors thermal shock, when the temperature drops suddenly. Erect or close, they are distinguished by a light green color on the lower page, which becomes darker on the upper one. In tropical climates, a single tree can become a forest-like structure and cover an enormous expanse. The length varies, depending on the age, from two to five centimeters. Growing it at home is very easy. You can rest the pot of your Ficus retusa on a tray of clay pebbles full of water, without having the pot touch the water itself. There are a number of possible reasons for this colour change in your Ficus Ginseng. It can be distinguished from Ficus benjamina thanks to its thicker leaves. Site this tree indoors, in bright but indirect light, until fear of frost has passed. Propagation: Cuttings can be planted at any time of the year, but they have the highest success rate during mid-summer growth. Strong branches should be shaped with guy-wires because they can be left on the tree for a much longer period. F. benjamina). It might be that your Ficus retusa is drowning in excess water, that it lacks environmental moisture or light. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. Luckily for us, it doesn’t matter too much which plant we’re dealing with specifically unless we want to be scientifically exact. Views: 147, Replies: 5 » Jump to the end. Ficus retusa is one of the rare tree species that is able to grow indoors as well as outdoors. Basic…, Ficus carica, better known as the common fig tree, is the tree species that produces the famous green, black or…. Your email address will not be published. In my mind your plant looks very leggy because of lack of sun. Note that being placed in a drafty area can lead to partial or complete leaf loss. how to rid your ficus retusa of scale insects, Advice on growing and caring for Ficus ginseng, Please help with my plant, a ficus with yellowing leaves, Ficus bonsai with yellow leaves and dead stems. Ficus retusa bonsai by Ron Frazier under © CC BY 2.0. Finally, note that your ficus retusa will appreciate having its leaves cleaned often with a rag or a moist paper towel. It can be kept outside in the summer as long as temperatures are above 60°F (15°C). Although the true Ficus retusa tree mostly grows in the wild in South-East Asia, sometimes Ficus retusa branches are grafted to Ficus microcarpa to produce a type of Ficus ginseng. There’s ficus microcarpa, often confused with one of its similar-looking cousins, ficus retusa. Using plant lamps 12 to 14 hours a day, and frequently misting the leaves will help in the recovery process. In ficus trees, leaf infection by the bacterium Xanthomonas campestris is manifested as tiny water-soaked areas. The Ficus Retusa has an S-shaped trunk and dark green, oval leaves. You can tie many young plants together to fuse them and build a single strong trunk. F. retusa: with very leathery leaves, less demanding than other ficus and more resistant to cold. In summer, it is often necessary to water a bit more, especially if you place it outside. That’s why the name seems so familiar to many plant lovers across the world. Ficus ginseng is a superb indoor plant that is much liked for its superb root trunk and its very ornamental…, Ficus benjamina is certainly one of the favorite plants all around, and deserves to be taken care of diligently. I prefer to wash all of the old soil off the roots when repotting. The Retusa has small, dark green leaves which are more oval than the Benjamina. The causes for dropping ficus leaves are many, but when you know what they are, this can help you pin down the reason your ficus tree leaves are falling off. Mass-produced cheap Bonsai usually come with a lot of problems, like ugly scars from rusty wire that dug into the bark, unattractive shapes, often poorly grafted branches in odd positions, bad soil, and sometimes inappropriate pots without drainage holes. Sometimes it is grafted with Ficus microcarpa leaves (combining it to a Ficus microcarpa ginseng). Fig tree. They can be found on every continent in the tropic regions and are very suitable for indoor Bonsai. It’s native to Malaysia from what I can auger. This tree tends to form the aerial roots characteristic of banyans. Something to be aware of is that Ficus Ginseng Bonsai plants are poisonous for animals, especially if they eat the leaves. A synonym (which is an old name for it) is f. truncata. All ficus bonsai trees have milky latex sap. For more detailed information on these techniques, take a look at our Bonsai tree care section. Prune preferably in spring on the growth of the previous year. F. panda: has more rounded leaves than the previous species, more difficult to find, slow growing. The Ficus genus belongs to the family of mulberry plants or Moraceae, and it’s the most popular indoor tree species for Bonsai beginners. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. Ficus retusa is a rapidly growing, rounded, broad-headed, evergreen shrub or tree that can reach 10 metres (33 ft) in height with an equal spread. In poor conditions like these, they are sometimes infested with scale or spider mites. If a considerable thickening of the trunk is desired, the Ficus can be left to grow freely for one or two years. Snip new shoots off as they appear, for the original shape to be preserved or to make it evolve to the shape you would like it to take. Soil – indoor plant soil mix, well drained Leaf Drop: This is the most common problem people experience with their ficus tree. For faster healing, or closing of large wounds, young plants, shoots, or aerial roots can be grafted across wounds. Watering – moderate. 4 Common Problems With Ficus Trees and How to Solve Them. It is even important to let the soil dry up in the surface before watering again. However, identification is sometimes tricky because growing plants as bonsai often makes leaves grow smaller than they normally would. Here are the tips on how to prune your Ficus retusa into a bonsai. Dry air and a lack of light weakens the Bonsai Ficus and often result in leaf drop. Another popular Ficus species is the Ficus Ginseng. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. This is also the reason why it is one of the most common bonsai trees. Usually, original Ficus retusa leaves tend to be larger and longer that those of Ficus microcarpa varieties. This is an old illustration for it: To enable aerial root growth in our homes a humidity of nearly 100% must be achieved artificially. Ficus retusa is one of the trees most often used to grow bonsai. However Ficus ginseng does not exist as a wild species of Ficus. (Annah's delightful Ficus retusa.) The most popular one for Bonsai is the Ficus Retusa. This will cause the older leaves on a ficus tree to yellow and drop off. No comments yet – be the first to share your thoughts! Find species-specific information on your tree. The reason your ficus drops leaves when underwatered is related to its evolution. The warmer the placement of the fig during winter the more water it needs. They offer everything from young plants, pre-Bonsai, and pre-styled Ficus trees up to high-value Bonsai trees. Ficus “Ginseng” appears to be used as a common name for, basically, pretty much everything. Ficus retusa is highly valued for its great strength and adaptability. EOL Dynamic Hierarchy 1.1. Change in environme… Some of them can produce nice flowers, while most Ficus species have hidden flowers in small receptacles from which their fruits grow. If you have a ficus tree that you move from a patio to the indoors, or vice versa, you may have noticed leaf drop. Although it will not grow as tall and it is not likely to have an aerial root system or any fruit you still get a beautiful natural decoration for the room and a natural air purifier. Similar Ficus varieties include; The Microcarpa, Tigerbark, Willow leaf, Golden Gate, Religiosa, Benjamina, and Taiwan. The smooth, light grey trunk is quite striking, can grow to around 1 metre (3.3 ft) in diameter, and it firmly supports the massively spreading canopy. Share your garden joys & woes! This tree has a thick trunk and is often grafted with microcarpa Ficus leaves, which would result in a Ficus microcarpa Ginseng. Placement : The ficus Bonsai tree is an indoor tree that does not endure frosty conditions. You can use a glass cover, a fish tank, or a construction with transparent sheets for this purpose. Ficus microcarpa, also known as Chinese banyan, Malayan banyan, Indian laurel, curtain fig, or gajumaru (ガジュマル), is a tree in the fig family Moraceae.It is native in a range from China through tropical Asia and the Caroline Islands to Australia. Placing customary insecticide sticks into the soil or spraying insecticide/miticide will get rid of the pests, but a weakened Ficus tree’s living conditions must be improved. I rest my case. I have many different types of ficus outdoors in full sun. It can also occur in the fall in cooler areas when people begin heating their … Continue reading about watering Bonsai trees. Brit. Leaf pruning (defoliation) can be used to reduce leaf size, as some Ficus Bonsai species normally grow large leaves. Foliage – evergreen Annah's Ficus retusa from Walgreen's sits calmly on the kitchen table and has nice dark green colored leaves and is a delightful plant to be around while eating. Houseplants forum: Ficus Retusa loosing leaves rapidly. firt Apr 17, 2020 7:05 AM CST. Some figs trees can grow very large with a crown circumference of more than 1000 ft (300 m). Is in Europe popular as Ficus Ginseng. Care: Ficus retusa which originates in south eastern Asia thrives on warm, even temperatures and constant soil moisture. Pests / diseases: Fig species are quite resistant against pests, but they are still susceptible to several issues depending on their location, and time of year, especially in the winter. The tropical figs are evergreen trees, small shrubs, or even climbing plants. Required fields are marked *. Also known as Banyan Fig. If it’s kept in a cooler place it only needs to be kept slightly moist. Care – easy, Exposure – abundant indirect light Ficus retusa, although easy to care for, demands a bit of attention in order for it to grow in the best growing environment. There is a real ficus retusa, but no one cares enough about it to put a picture on the World Wide Web for me to steal. Ficus retusa. Only specialized pollinating fig wasps can pollinate those hidden flowers. Family – Moraceae (mulberry family) Ficus retusa loves it when air moisture is high. Ficus retusa doesn’t require abundant watering, and it mustn’t be watered too often, either…. No over sign of hepatotoxicity and renotoxicity were observed in chronic toxicity studies. This leaves many ficus owners asking, Why is my ficus losing leaves? Grey to reddish bark dotted with small horizontal flecks, similar to tiger-like markings. Figs can endure low humidity due to their thick, waxy leaves, but they prefer higher humidity and need extremely high humidity to develop aerial roots. All fig Bonsai species share a milky latex sap which leaks from wounds or cuts. This is often due to an attack of red spider mites. The so-called indoor trees are mostly trees from tropical origins, that do not support low temperatures. Prune back to 2 leaves after 6-8 leaves have grown. In addition, the emission of aerial roots give it a special character. It’s often shaped with an s-curved trunk and has dark green oval leaves. Wiring: Wiring and bending thin to medium Ficus branches is easy due to their flexibility, but you should check the wires regularly as they can cut into the bark very quickly. Height: Tall. If this happens, water the ficus tree thoroughly until water drains out of the bottom of its container. The strong cuts that are necessary afterward don't affect the Ficus' health and new shoots will grow from old wood. Ensure that you only water when the soil is dry. Ficus retusa will appreciate spending the winter in a cooler spot, ideally around 60°F (15°C). An experienced grower can work on fig trees with a nearly unlimited range of creative freedom, which considerably increases the appeal of growing Ficus retusa as a Bonsai plant. However, even in the dry season, the tropics are still humid. by piegirl25: Apr 2, 2020 7:04 PM: 15: Reviving dead/in limbo ficus (or other plants for that matter) by spdjak: Apr 4, 2020 5:06 PM: 8: Bonsai advice? Results conclude the extracts present a potential and safe alternative antidiabetic treatment. Ficus trees are a popular houseplant that can be found in many homes, but the attractive and easy to care for ficus trees still have a frustrating habit of dropping leaves, seemingly without reason. When they don’t receive enough water when indoors they think a dry season is coming and drop leaves in response. Ficus retusa doesn’t like it when water stagnates around the roots, so avoid collecting excess water in a saucer, or ensure that it stays dry. 1. If you notice a white, crusty residue on the surface of the soil, immerse the whole pot in a bucket of water to leach out excess salts. F. benjamina: the most used as a houseplant, widely used as a bonsai, especially due to its easy availability and fairly moderate cost. Name – Ficus retusa Fig tree branches and roots can also be grafted quite easily. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If you need help identifying your tree, try our Bonsai tree identification guide. Ficus Bonsai Trees. If you have pets, make sure to place your Ficus out of their reach. It is a tropical evergreen leaf tree. Ficus retusa is a shrub that can bear pruning well, including heavy pruning. Ficus benjamina is a tropical shrub used to lots of sunshine and humidity. And leaves from a ficus “retusa” The ends are pointy. The plant, which has been kept indoors, is now losing leaves very rapidly. The temperature should be kept relatively constant. 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