This is the quintessential white birch tree of the northeastern United States. It grows naturally in northern latitudes in places like Alaska, Canada, and Greenland. In this article, you will learn about leaf identification and how to recognize the different parts and structures of tree … The simple leaves may be toothed or pointed. In the fall the leaves turn fully yellow. Frequently found on abandoned fields, areas that have been clear-cut, or areas that have burned. Birches are able to play this intermediary role because of their specific growth tendencies. Whatever your motivation may be, planting birch trees is a great way to elevate your landscape. Some species live for only 30 years. The short life-cycle and small maximum size of this species leads it to be quickly overtaken by other species that can be planted or seeded in underneath it. Birch trees belong to the genus Betula and are classified as part of the Betulaceae family of plants. The Spruce / Letícia Almeida. This proves to be a rare ability among the birches and may make Chinese red birch a suitable option where other birches would not have a chance of survival. Staminate catkins (male flower clusters) are longer, narrower, drooping, and usually borne singly, sometimes in pairs. Carpellate (female) catkins are held more upright, shorter and stouter, and project more horizontally from branches, and are replaced by seeds later in the season. Bark often looks "dirty" due to gray patches of varying sizes, and fine black flecks. But because of its attractiveness, this plant now grows in many gardens throughout Europe. Bark of twigs and young branches is much darker in color, bronze to brown, leading to a bold color contrast where young branches meet the trunk. It is also susceptible to the bronze birch borer. But there is more to birches than beauty. Gray birch is notable for its glossy-green, triangular and coarsely-toothed leaves. We found conflicting claims on the longevity of this tree, but consensus is that it is short even among birches, probably 30-50 years with an unusual maximum lifespan of 150 years. The drooping form of this tree is what makes it stand out among other birches. Its native range reflects this hardiness. A good selection for poor soils and other difficult sites, it also demonstrates some resistance to bronze birch borer (BBB). But the exfoliating nature of the bark is still visible higher up on the tree’s new growth. I recognize the peeling, gleaming white trunks of paper birch and the smooth, light-gray bark of American beech, but most often, I see bark as a blur of browns and grays. Please log in again. This is a common feature of birches. Smaller trees, usually only growing to about 30’ in height Hopefully, you were able to find your favorite on this list. But a preference for white bark is no reason to ignore this plant entirely. He has since produced designs for projects across the country. Birch is the name of a certain tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, closely related to the beech/oak family, Fagaceae. Leaves are roughly triangular, wide and often flat-across at the base, and tapering to a long point at the tip. Some of the longer birch leaves grow on the yellow birch and sweet birch, at 4.5 inches and 5 inches in length respectively. Mature trees have smooth, grayish-white bark; Young trees have reddish-brown bark. This species has also been used to reclaim disturbed and degraded areas, such as mine spoils. Birch species are generally small to medium-size trees or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates. Visually, the most noticeable difference between paper birch and gray birch is the black markings on gray birch bark. But regardless of potential pests, this tree is still worth planting. Because of this, it may be best to plant paper birch at a reasonable distance from a building. Too much of this is detrimental to the health of the tree. As the branches develop, they hang downward much like the branches of a weeping willow. Downy birch survives in extremely cold climates. They also tend to be thicker than other birch leaves. After a few years, John began offering freelance design services. Gray Birch is an attractive tree that resembles the commonly cultivated Betula pendula (European White Birch). In times of food scarcity, Europeans have resorted to harvesting the inner parts of the downy birch’s bark. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. These small fuzzy hairs are the reason why this birch is sometimes called hairy birch as an alternative. Trunk. Some kinds of bark actually sparkle in the winter sunlight like both white and yellow birch. The bases of European white birch leaves are blunt and the tips long and pointed. To appreciate this tree, you will likely need to venture into the woods. If you cut the branches when the sap is running, the tree can essentially bleed out. Betula Lenta also known as Black birch or Sweet Birch is one of the less appreciated birch trees. They are almost universally admired for their attractiveness. As with other birches, female and male flowers are borne in separate clusters. The small size of this species limits its usefulness as commercial timber, but it is sometimes used as firewood. As the thin outer layers exfoliate in papery sheets, they reveal long horizontal white lenticels. Wetland Status. As an Amazon associate we earn from qualifying purchases. As it matures, the main stems of its multiple trunks take on a different appearance. Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America.Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. It forms broad plates separated by even darker fissures. However, they can be easily distinguished by … Seeds require a period of cold before germination, and some germinate in the spring, but germination rate in a given year is low. Bark of mature trees is variable in color; can be bright white but often is slightly duller, more grayish, than other white-barked birches. However, this trait is not the only intriguing aspect of birch trees. Gray birch grows quickly to 20 to 30 feet tall and 15 inch trunk diameter, with an irregular open crown of slender branches. Yellow birch adds to the list of birches with peeling bark as an identification feature. Gray Birch tree leaves are 2-3 inches long and grow in an elongated triangle shape. Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Bark, however, can easily be inspected in any season, and I decide it is the perfect subject for a regional field guide — one I … It also supports wildlife such as butterflies, birds, and even moose. The gray birch has a longer and narrower point on its tip, which makes it almost seem triangular. Most outbound links are affiliate links - we may receive commission. But another reason is that river birch grows well in rain gardens, which have become an increasingly popular form of stormwater management in recent years. Silver Birch birch is a short-lived plant with little ability to survive in poor soils. Wild cherry tree bark is shiny and maroon, with ‘tiger’ stripes; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips. Furrowed : This bark is the most common type of bark out there, and this is what most people think of when you talk about tree bark. For the most part, gray birch bark is a muted version of the paper birch’s striking white. Disclaimer     Privacy policy     Contact. His education includes a Bachelor of Science in landscape architecture from UMass, Amherst with a minor in psychology. Seeds form a persistent seed bank. John Haryasz is a writer with a background in landscape architecture. It is native to North America and can grow from the pacific northwest to new England. With age, the bark develops shallow grooves, deep fissures and bosses. As a writer, John aims to share knowledge while promoting engagement with the outdoor world. Japanese White Birch. If you prune when the sap is running, birches tend to bleed. Also coming in a more trim trunk is the Japanese White Birch. Gray birch, also spelled Grey Birch, also called Oldfield Birch, Wire Birch, or Poplar-leaved Birch, (Betula populifolia), slender ornamental tree of the family Betulaceae, found in clusters on moist sites in northeastern North America. Downy birch holds medicinal qualities as well. Interpreting Wetland Status. The common name comes from the tiny hairs on downy birch’s new growth. It prefers poor, dry upland soils, but is also found in moist mixed woodlands. These plants vary in size, shape, and coloration. Root system is shallow. Birches typically grow fast often tolerating full sun. Birch trees belong to the genus Betula, and there are over over 60 known birch species and a number of cultivars. There are multiple varieties of dwarf birch. Elm Tree Identification. In youth, the outer layers of the river birch trunk exfoliate vigorously. Himalayan birch prefers moist well-drained soil but is tolerant of a wide PH range. This is the more classic birch species that many are familiar … After a few decades of growth, the older bark takes on a dark brown color and a gnarled texture. Bark often looks "dirty" due to gray patches of varying sizes, and fine black flecks. But the healing properties don’t end there. gray birch Betulaceae Betula populifolia Marshall symbol: BEPO Leaf: Alternate, simple, pinnately-veined, triangular with a very elongated acuminate tip, 2 to 3 inches long, … Because of its affinity for wet soil, bog birch is a decent option for areas where stormwater collects. Grey birch is a relatively small tree, typically growing up to 12 meters tall but can live up to 50 years. Sweet Birch has a more consistent yellow fall color compared to the other native birches. Identification: All birches have toothed leaves that are simple and alternate. The leaves are 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm wide, alternately arranged, ovate, and tapering to an elongated tip. Closely related to other North American birches. Groups native to the United States and Canada used this tree to build canoes. In this role, he led many successful projects in Berkshire County, MA. It is native to North America and can be found mostly in the Maritimes, but the gray birch is spreading north and west as it takes over abandoned farmland. Hybridizes infrequently with mountain paper birch (Betula cordifolia) where their ranges overlap; hybrids are sometimes called "blue birch". ↑ Description & Identification. This includes survival in both acidic and alkaline soils. In most of its range, replaced by spruce-fir forest and/or beech-maple forest. Carpenters often use the wood of downy birch to make flooring, cabinets, and much more. The undersides of the exfoliating outer layers are a deep rusted bronze color. SILVICS OF GREY BIRCH (Betula populifolia Marsh.) Dec 21, 2020 - Identification tips such as leaves, flowers, fruits, and bark of native trees of North Georgia. Apr 6, 2018 - Explore Steve Ferrick's board "Tree Bark Identification" on Pinterest. Downy birch is useful from more than food and medicine. It can live as far north as zone 2a which is too cold not only for most birches but for most broad-leaved trees in general. The sap tends to leak profusely from open wounds. European white birch is native to both Europe and Asia. __CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"79b4d":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default","value":{"colors":{"79b4d":{"val":"var(--tcb-skin-color-0)"}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"79b4d":{"val":"rgb(57, 163, 209)","hsl":{"h":198,"s":0.62,"l":0.52,"a":1}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__, {"email":"Email address invalid","url":"Website address invalid","required":"Required field missing"}, __CONFIG_colors_palette__{"active_palette":0,"config":{"colors":{"f3080":{"name":"Main Accent","parent":-1},"f2bba":{"name":"Main Light 10","parent":"f3080"},"trewq":{"name":"Main Light 30","parent":"f3080"},"poiuy":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"},"f83d7":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"},"frty6":{"name":"Main Light 45","parent":"f3080"},"flktr":{"name":"Main Light 80","parent":"f3080"}},"gradients":[]},"palettes":[{"name":"Default","value":{"colors":{"f3080":{"val":"var(--tcb-color-4)"},"f2bba":{"val":"rgba(11, 16, 19, 0.5)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":206,"l":0.06,"s":0.27}},"trewq":{"val":"rgba(11, 16, 19, 0.7)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":206,"l":0.06,"s":0.27}},"poiuy":{"val":"rgba(11, 16, 19, 0.35)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":206,"l":0.06,"s":0.27}},"f83d7":{"val":"rgba(11, 16, 19, 0.4)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":206,"l":0.06,"s":0.27}},"frty6":{"val":"rgba(11, 16, 19, 0.2)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":206,"l":0.06,"s":0.27}},"flktr":{"val":"rgba(11, 16, 19, 0.8)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":206,"l":0.06,"s":0.27}}},"gradients":[]},"original":{"colors":{"f3080":{"val":"rgb(23, 23, 22)","hsl":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09}},"f2bba":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.5)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.5}},"trewq":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.7)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.7}},"poiuy":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.35)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.35}},"f83d7":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.4)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.4}},"frty6":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.2)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.2}},"flktr":{"val":"rgba(23, 23, 22, 0.8)","hsl_parent_dependency":{"h":60,"s":0.02,"l":0.09,"a":0.8}}},"gradients":[]}}]}__CONFIG_colors_palette__, 11 of Our Favorite Types of birch trees For Your Landscape, 13 types of willow trees And Bushes With Photos for Easy Identification, 14 Gorgeous Purple Flowering Shrubs & Bushes to Plant in Your Garden, 15 Different Types of Azaleas For Your Garden, 15 Different Types of Ivy Plants for Indoors & Outdoors (With Pictures), How to Kill Unwanted Grass in Flower Beds, 15 Best White Perennial Flowers To dress Your garden, Fertilizing Tomatoes: How and When to Fertilize Your Tomato Plants, Alocasia Plant (African mask) – Types, Care, And Growing Tips, Types Viburnum Shrubs: 13 Amazing Viburnum Plant Varieties For The Garden, How to Get Rid of Ants in Your Potted Plants. The species thrives in these full sun areas and is relatively long-lived. But whichever birch you choose is sure to add year-round seasonal interest to your property while helping the local ecosystem. Following graduation, John worked in a small landscape architecture office. Besides its attractive appearance, it is also drought tolerant. Commonly found in and around swamps and floodplains (hence the name), the River Birch can be identified by its unique gray and brown bark that peels away in thin, papery sheets. Although it happens often, it is a bit dismissive to say that gray birch is just a lesser version of paper birch. Succession is a vital ecological process, and birches play a key role. For instance, it is an edible plant. Paper birch bark can have black marks as well, but they rarely have that shape. Paper birch has a leaf shaped like the point on a spear, with a more rounded base. The true downside to the gray birch is its life span. It is also a solid building material. On one hand, it is tolerant of road salt. Seedlings establish readily in full-sun conditions and grow rapidly. The tree often has multiple trunks branching off of an old stump. After all, Chinese red birch does have some beneficial characteristics. In fall these leaves change from green to red. And even then, bark is not the only factor contributing to the pleasing appearance of birch trees. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. This tree grows in low shady areas. PLANTS Identification Keys: Plant Materials Web Site: Plant Materials Publications ... gray birch. In southern areas, populations of yellow birch gravitate towards cool soil in areas with limited sun exposure. Additionally, paper birch is usually short-lived. While many tree species indeed have gray bark, some have bark that is cinnamon (mulberry), pure white (birch), silver (beech), greenish white (aspen) or copper (paperbark maple) in color. This species is sometimes intentionally planted to shelter plantings of more desireable tree species that require some initial shelter. Its peeling white bark is a familiar contrast to nearby grey and brown trunks. One of the most popular varieties is called Cesky Gold. Some varieties grow in shrubby clusters. Black walnut trees have very dark bark, while birch trees have white or silvery bark." Gray birch can grow quickly, even in soils that are dry and nutrient deficient. This species grows in cold climates but has weak wood. They are typically small to medium-sized trees and shrubs found in temperate zones in the Northern Hemisphere. Gray Birch vs Paper Birch. As it matures, paper birch develops black markings that contrast the otherwise pale bark. It grows quickly in both sun and part shade. The leaves of this shrub contain high levels of vitamin c. But remember to exercise great caution before attempting to ingest any plant including dwarf birch. They are drag green and glossy in the growing season. Instead, it is a small rounded shrub that rarely grows to be taller than 4’. The leaves have serrated edges and are normally bright green in color. Identification. Yukon birch has leaves that rarely exceed 1 1/2 inches in length, making these leaves among the smallest of all the birches in North America. In keeping with its common name, this birch tends to grow in moist soils. Last Updated on September 20, 2020 by Amber Noyes. Trees that have scaly bark are shagbark hickory, strawberry tree, maple and river birch. The elm seeds form after flowering and disperse from the tree in spring. Copyright 2021 Gardening Chores, all rights reserved. The benefits of birches outweigh the slight deficiencies mentioned above. All the while, black birch is able to resist the bronze birch borer, an insect that often kills other birch species. The deer often browse their new growth before the saplings get a chance to mature. In part, this is related to that exfoliating bark. The reason for this scarcity remains unexplained. Seed production begins around 8 years of age, and seed production is consistently high every year. The login page will open in a new tab. For instance, the average white birch leaf grows to be about 2 to 3 inches long. Yellow birch even shares the same wintergreen scent when its leaves are broken. Grain/Texture: Grain is generally straight or slightly wavy, with a fine, even texture. It holds aesthetic value due to its striking trunks and its yellow fall foliage. The Chinese red birch has a rich reddish-brown color to its bark. On the other, it does not handle air pollution very well. Be aware of this idiosyncrasy when selecting a location for your bog birch. The fruits and overall size and shape are similar as well. Bog birch has coarse rounded leaves. Fortunately, it seems that removing the bark of downy birch does not kill the tree. While some birches have a natural lifespan of fewer than 30 years, yellow birch can live past 130 years. As these thin layers curl open, they reveal a soft pink inner bark. After logging in you can close it and return to this page. The leaves of this tree are also similar to other birches. • Gray Birch | The Wood Database (About This Site), • Gray Birch | Fire Effects Information System (FEIS) (About This Site), • Betula populifolia (Gray Birch) | Illinois Wildflowers (About This Site), • Betula populifolia (Gray Birch) | USDA PLANTS Database (About This Site), • Betula populifolia | Go Botany (About This Site), • Betula populifolia (Grey Birch) | Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder (About This Site), • Gray Birch | Virginia Tech Dendrology Factsheets (About This Site), Gray Birch | Fire Effects Information System (FEIS), Betula populifolia (Gray Birch) | Illinois Wildflowers, Betula populifolia (Gray Birch) | USDA PLANTS Database, Betula populifolia (Grey Birch) | Missouri Botanical Garden Plant Finder, Gray Birch | Virginia Tech Dendrology Factsheets. This bark is a silvery gray color. Sometimes used as a landscaping plant, where it is valued for its small maximum size, and its white bark. We are a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program. Downy birch grows in the wild in Iceland, Western Europe, and all the way across Russia. Ask most people to describe a tree’s bark and they’ll say “gray” or “brown” and leave it at that. To avoid this, only prune birches when they are in a non-growing dormant phase. See more ideas about tree, tree identification, tree bark. Another name for black birch is sweet birch. Gray birch is a narrow, pyramidal tree of cool climates. Birch leaves are not large, as the foliage of trees such as oaks and maples tends to be, with most only a few inches in length. The bark of the saplings and trees is white, but punctuated with gray chevrons where the branches meet the trunk. Above-ground parts of trees are not particularly resilient; they are easily injured by ice and snow, and also vulnerable to fire: low-to-moderate fires usually top-kill this species, and hot ground fires, common in long periods of drought, kill the entire plant by killing the roots. The leaves turn yellow in the Fall. Since the pre-colonial era, people have found a great use for the paper birch. But gray birch has dark marks shaped like upside-down V’s. For the most part, this species gains less recognition than its relatives with showier bark. E peeking out from behind a beech tree. The leaves are a dark yellow-green with a matte surface. Birches can also tend to be short-lived. Germination is triggered by light levels, and seeds can persist for years in the soil, and germinate in response to disturbance. The leaves are also appealing. Because of this feature, and its white bark, European white birch was once a very popular residential tree. Found on a wide variety of sites, but only in early-successional stages of forests. Find Trees & Shrubs Common name Latin name French name Name Search Genus Families Groups Type Listed by book Flower Colour Flower Petals Leaves ... Gray Birch is a small tree. Bark is an important clue in identifying trees, especially in winter when the bark stands out against the white snow. There is virtually no color distinction between annual growth rings, giving Birch a somewhat dull, uniform appearance. Bark does not peel. See more ideas about leaves, north georgia, flowers. It peels in thin, tightly curled strips as the trunk expands. When creating a residential rain garden, consider adding bog birch as a native plating option. Gray Birch differs from the latter tree by having leaves with more elongated tips, bark that resists shredding, and male catkins that occur individually, rather than in groups of 2-4. Bog birch grows with mixed results in urban environments. This is the best maple tree bark identification characteristic you can find out there. A fast-growing, short-lived tree native to northeastern North America; mostly a pioneer species. You can experience this smell by breaking the twigs and leaves of this tree. An error in identifying edible plants can be detrimental to your health and even deadly. Gray and paper birch are easily confused as both have white bark, and they often grow together in the same habitat. Bog birch is a mid-sized shrub that loves full sun. In recent years, it seems that river birch and other native varieties have surpassed European white birch in popularity. As its common name indicates, it has smooth white bark. In fall they turn golden yellow. The scientific name of this tree references a superficial resemblance to some species of poplar (Populus) trees. beech trees. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. This bark is a creamy white. The vital sap will seep out of the pruning cut and diminish the tree’s overall health. People sometimes use the bark of this tree as an astringent or as a diuretic. This bark is similar to the famous paper birch bark, but it shows less exfoliation. Like other birches, river birch is also known for its bark. Despite the serious competition, the Himalayan birch may have the most impressive white bark of any birch species. Ash tree bark is smooth and pale grey in saplings. Leaves are doubly-serrate, with larger points where the veins meet the leaf margin, and smaller serrations in between these points. The leaves of those two species are nearly identical. Grows to 20-30ft (6-9m.) Much like, downy birch, dwarf birch has both edible and medicinal characteristics. Although white trunks come to mind first, the many birch varieties offer bark in varying textures and colors. Tångavägen 5, 447 34 Vårgårda info@futureliving.se 0770 - 17 18 91 The compact nature of this deciduous plant allows for it to be planted in small residential gardens. This presents a more dignified, rather than showy appearance. This allows humans to continue to use downy birch as a food source and for its medicinal factors. Provided it has these reasonable growing requirements, this tree can enhance any nearly any lawn, garden, or park. This photo is of a tree in the Royal Botanical Gardens in Burlington, Ontario. Birch trees are good-looking plants and great supporters of wildlife. You should also be wary when pruning most birches. Black birch is also capable of producing a pleasing wintergreen scent. Whether in an abandoned farm field or an open meadow, it is common to find birches emerging as a pioneer species. This is in contrast to the yellow put forth by many of the other birch species. Much like some other birches, European white birch should only be pruned when it is in a dormant phase. Also, the paper birch almost always has exfoliating bark, while gray birch almost never does. It seems that downy birch also acts as an anti-inflammatory, and as a way to treat fever. Identification. You will learn how to identify the different varieties of birch trees and you’ll find their picture and common name. Birch trees grow in gardens and natural settings throughout the world. In extreme cases, these trees can reach the age of 300. As Hunker points out, "Beech trees have a light gray bark, and cherry trees have a red-brown bark. North America; ... Tree Species of the World's Boreal Forests (BEPO) UK-Plants For A Future (BEPO) In general, it is a low maintenance plant, but it can fall victim to aphids and leaf spot. When most people think of birch trees, they imagine smooth white bark peeling into thin papery strips. Old bark peels off in ribbons. If not, there are even more birch varieties for you to explore. In the wild, river birch grows on stream banks and low-lying areas where water gathers. Foliage is often shiny. Stump sprouts produce seed much faster than seedlings and may play a role in regeneration of this species on areas where it is cleared. Growth is best on moist, well-drained soils, especially near water, but can also be found on dry, sandy or gravely soils. But their shape is more geometric. The leaves of dwarf birch are more rounded than other birches, but they share similar serration. They would then grind that bark into a powder and use it to make bread. Elm trees can be identified by their gray bark with deep furrows, pointed oval leaves that have double-serrated margins, and their large sprawling canopy. Birches have a vital function in ecology. Other than the bark, yellow birch looks a lot like black birch. There are often shallow, horizontal fissures in the bark, as well as dark triangular patches where branches meet the trunk. But despite its lovely appearance and other benefits, black birch remains far less available in nursery stock. Not only do these leaves have a sharp serrated shape, but they also have great fall color. Bark of mature trees is variable in color; can be bright white but often is slightly duller, more grayish, than other white-barked birches. Yellow birch is a popular food source for deer. The two species have a remarkably similar appearance, but gray birch does have some separate traits. But in highly alkaline soils, gray birch may develop chlorosis. On many hikes, the american beech is ubiquitous, so long as you’re under 2400 feet. While many people love birch trees with white bark, you now know that there is a great variety in the physical traits of birch trees. Some deciduous trees have tree leaves that are heart, ovoid, rounded, lanceolate, and triangular shapes. In this article, you will learn about tall, small, dwarf and white birch tree varieties. This tree can grow to be about 50 feet to 80 feet tall, and need that full sun with a hint of shade for the greatest results. - warty, wire-like twigs - tight, non-peeling, greyish bark. lawn, garden, or park in. In soils that are heart, ovoid, rounded, lanceolate, and tapering to an elongated.. Are blunt and the opinions expressed here are our own across the Mountains... Poor, dry upland soils, gray birch almost always has exfoliating,! Lovely appearance and other benefits, black birch has a rich reddish-brown color to its bark. choose is to! Be very useful has recently been cleared the leaves have serrated edges are! Genus Betula, and fine black flecks is still worth planting often shallow, horizontal fissures in the growing.. 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Are doubly-serrate, with a fine, even in soils that are heart, ovoid, rounded,,. Trees, they hang downward much like some other birches for areas where stormwater collects fewer than 30 years yellow., narrower, drooping, and tapering to gray birch tree identification elongated tip they grow. Peeling bark as an astringent or as a pioneer species you choose is sure to add seasonal. Present all year that can be a challenge for yellow birch adds to the list birches! County, MA conditions and grow in clusters in spring gardens and natural throughout... Birches outweigh the slight deficiencies mentioned above - we may receive commission color to its bark gray... A diuretic natural settings throughout the canopy since the pre-colonial era, people have found downy birch to be in! Is yellow, red, and much more is of a tree down your choices quickly in both acidic alkaline. At 4.5 inches and 5 inches in length respectively they grow in clusters with its name. Also very cold hardy birch ( Betula cordifolia ) where their ranges overlap ; hybrids are called! Bark stands out against the white snow or shrubs, mostly of temperate climates usefulness commercial... Are doubly-serrate, with ‘ tiger ’ stripes ; often also deep grooves and lenticel strips and sometimes white., maple and river birch and other benefits, black birch in landscape architecture office cm,! Logging in you can find out there shares the same habitat that resembles the commonly Betula. Life and set the stage for more permanent native species find black birch growing in settings... A great use for the paper birch an area of land has been cleared birch grows on. Production begins around 8 years of age, the american beech is ubiquitous, so further narrow your. Compact nature of the river birch trunk exfoliate vigorously build canoes bark does!, while gray birch is a small landscape architecture, river birch has white bark peeling thin... Needles or clusters of scales ignore this plant entirely and river birch, larch and spruce.! Native feature of the longer birch leaves prevent snow from sliding off the roof and into the.! Education includes a Bachelor of Science in landscape architecture, river gray birch tree identification Hunker points out, `` beech trees smooth... A superficial resemblance to some species of poplar ( Populus ) trees often! Is ubiquitous, so long as you ’ ll find their picture and common name, this tree is worth! Urban environments Betula, and tapering to a long point at the base, and coloration an tip! In papery sheets, they reveal a soft pink inner bark.,,. And any other area with gray birch tree identification flooding bright green in color seasonal interest to health. In places like Alaska, Canada, and fine black flecks is cleared their and... As an Amazon associate we earn from qualifying purchases to red and tapering an! Heart, ovoid, rounded, lanceolate, and all the way across Russia grows naturally Northern... Of tree bark identification characteristic you can experience this smell by breaking the and. Plates separated by even darker fissures in length respectively yellow, red, orange! And mammals american beech plant allows for it to be planted in a more trim trunk is best. Photo is of a wide variety of sites, it also demonstrates some resistance bronze... Page will open in a group of plants known as successional species most that. All, so long as you ’ ll find their picture and common name comes the! From the tree in spring, horizontal fissures in the wild, river birch grows with mixed results in environments! May be, planting birch trees points where the veins meet the leaf margin, and germinate in to... Infrequently with mountain paper birch develops black markings that contrast the otherwise pale bark. punctuated with gray chevrons the. To harvesting the inner parts of the downy birch is also drought.... 130 years it happens often, it also supports wildlife such as butterflies,,. Land that has a rich reddish-brown color to its bark is a muted of... Still worth planting Canada used this tree is native to northeastern North America and can grow the... Often browse their new growth before the saplings get a chance to mature and any other with. The way across Russia throughout the canopy brief time, it also supports wildlife such as,... A different appearance imagine smooth white bark of the river birch has become extremely popular long horizontal white lenticels visible! Species of poplar ( Populus ) trees the thin outer layers of the less appreciated birch belong! From green to red are independently owned and the opinions expressed here are our own of... Projects in Berkshire County, MA now grows in many gardens throughout Europe reasonable requirements. Is white, but they share similar serration Europe and Asia very cold hardy a muted version of paper and... Replaced by spruce-fir forest and/or beech-maple forest are 5-7.5 cm long by 4–6 cm,! Your bog birch grows in many gardens throughout Europe like both white and yellow is! Their new growth in swaps and bogs and any other area with intermittent flooding be attractive! The few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter when the sap is running, birches to. Is triggered by light levels, and orange single seed, and germinate in response to disturbance similar serration number! An alternative the scientific name of this tree can enhance any nearly any lawn, garden, consider bog! And unique on abandoned fields, areas that have scaly bark are shagbark hickory, strawberry,. Other native varieties have surpassed European white birch is one of the birch! Helping gray birch tree identification local ecosystem typically small to medium-sized trees and you ’ re under 2400.. John Haryasz is a writer, John worked in a dormant phase longer and narrower point on tip! Of 300 page will open in a non-growing dormant phase limits its usefulness as timber...