what if there's a vacancy in the house. article 5. There have been four Illinois Constitutions; the fourth and current version was adopted in 1970. [16] The Illinois Constitution of 1970 is the basic governing law of Illinois and provides the framework for state and local government. Currently, Illinois has a flat tax, which means that all income is taxed at the same rate, currently 5% for people and I think 7% for businesses. The Fair Tax versus The Tax Hike. Strictly speaking, the amendment removes a provision from the Illinois Constitution that requires any income tax to be levied at a flat rate on any level of income – the current rate is 4.95%. How many amendments does the Constitution have? article 3. [15] Another important aspect of the Illinois Constitution is that counties with a population of more than 200,000 may classify real property for purposes of taxation. Judicial Branch. The amendment would remove the portion of the Revenue Article of the Illinois Constitu - This book, Understanding the Illinois Constitution, has been Efforts to reform pension benefits to make them more affordable at both the state and local levels have so far been blocked by the Illinois Supreme Court. Given that the U.S. Constitution dates from 1787, while voters approved the Illinois Constitution in 1970, you'd expect to see nearly 200 years of historical development reflected in the state charter yet the logic and language of the Illinois Constitution borrows heavily from the U.S. Constitution. Proposed Amendment to the 1970 Illinois Constitution The proposed amendment grants the State authority to impose higher income tax rates on higher income levels, which is how the federal government and a majority of other states do it. Thirty-three amendments to the United States Constitution have been proposed by the United States Congress and sent to the states for ratification since the Constitution was put into operation on March 4, 1789. Amendments. Legislative Branch. 116. present number of congress. The amendment on the November 2020 ballot in Illinois proposes a change from a flat tax to a graduated tax. article 1. This amendment does not address the pension lock in the Constitution. article 4. states and the union. Twenty-seven of these, having been ratified by the requisite number of states, are part of the Constitution. All students in the state are required to have knowl-edge of the Illinois Constitution. ... how many representatives does Illinois. special election. There have been 13 amendments (additions or changes) to the current Illinois Constitution since its adoption in 1970. article 2. That’d probably be … Many of the states surrounding Illinois have enacted significant tax reforms recently. 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